North American Immigration
The disintegration of the Yugoslav state in 1991 led to persistent ethnic violence and two major conflicts in Bosnia- Herzegovina and in Kosovo.
West Indian immigration
West Indians are of mixed racial and ethnic background.
There were virtually no Vietnamese in North America prior to the Vietnam War (1964–75).
Ukrainian immigration to Canada represented the largest of any ethnic group from eastern Europe, and the Ukrainians in Canada are one of the few ethnic groups with a larger absolute population than their counterparts in the United States.
Turkish immigration to North America, apart from large numbers of students, has remained relatively small. It has been supplemented, however, by a growing number of resident refugees or asylum seekers.
Trinidadian and Tobagonian immigration
Two simultaneous ethnic migrations—one black and one Asian Indian—occurred from Trinidad and Tobago beginning in the mid-1960s.
Tibetans form one of the smallest immigrant communities in both the United States and Canada;
Most Thai Americans are the product of the revised regulations under the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
and the U.S. presence in Vietnam.
Taiwan did not become an independent country until 1949. As one of the West’s staunchest allies in the cold war after 1945, Taiwan has enjoyed a special relationship with the United States, including both diplomatic and military assistance in its conflict with the Communist People’s Republic of China.
Syrian Christians began to emigrate from the Muslim Ottoman Empire in large numbers after 1880. Of the 250,000 who left in the following quarter century, more than 60,000 settled in North America, many becoming peddlers, shopkeepers, or small businessowners in large urban areas.
The Swiss were among the earliest non-British or non- French European settlers in both the United States and Canada, with a substantial immigration during the 18th century.
Though Swedes settled in North America as early as 1638, the great period of Swedish migration was between 1870 and 1914.
Sri Lankan immigration
Most Sri Lankans in the United States and Canada are professionals or come from professional backgrounds and thus have done relatively well economically.
Significant elements of Spanish culture represent one of the major strands of the American social fabric.
Emigration from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR; Soviet Union) was, for most of its history (1917–91), forbidden.
South Asian immigration
Most early studies of immigration to the United States and Canada treated all the peoples of South Asia as a single category, including immigrants from more than a dozen ethnic groups who inhabited British India prior to 1947.
Throughout most of its history, Slovenia was governed by the Germanic Austrians or the Serb-dominated state of Yugoslavia. In 1991, Slovenia won its independence, making it one of the newest countries in the world.
Emerging from the nationalist democratic movements of the late 1980s and early 1990s, Slovakia is one of the newest countries in the world.
Serbs represented the largest ethnic group within the former country of Yugoslavia, and as the dominant regional group, they were less likely to migrate than Croatians or Slovenes.
The large Scottish and Scots-Irish immigration of the 18th century helped define the cultural patterns of the United States and Canada.